Scientists at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) have discovered a new subatomic particle that may be the Higgs bson, the basis of the formation of the universe, according to information from the Reuters.
“The discovery of a particle consistent with the Higgs bson paves the way for more detailed studies, requiring larger statistics, which will point out the properties of the new particle, and should shed light on other mysteries in our universe”, commented the director general of CERN , Rolf Heuer, at a press conference this Wednesday (07/04).
British scientist Peter Higgs, 83, who proposed the existence of the bson that bears his name in the 1960s, was at CERN to welcome confirmation of what, to the discomfort of many scientists, was dubbed by some commentators as “the particle of God “.
Clearly moved, with teary eyes, Higgs said to his colleagues: “It is incredible that this happened during my life”.
Two separate teams worked independently at CERN with data from experiments in which strips of particles are thrown at each other. Causing tiny differences that reveal the existence of bson, both reached similar results, giving confidence to this Wednesday’s announcement.
Joe Incandela, a spokesman for one of the teams, said that “this is a preliminary result, but we think it is very strong and very solid”. His group estimated the mass of the new particle at 123.3 gigaeltron volts (GeV).
What is Higgs Bson?
According to theories of physics, Higgs is a subatomic particle considered one of the basic raw materials of the creation of the universe. Unlike atoms, made of mass, the Higgs particles would have no element in their composition. They are important because they support one of the most accepted theories about the universe – the Standard Model, which explains how other particles obtained mass. According to this thesis, the universe was cooled after the Big Bang, when an invisible force, known as the Higgs Field, formed with associated particles, the Higgs Bsons, transferring mass to other fundamental particles.
The Higgs hunt is one of the reasons that led to the construction of the huge Hdron Collider (LHC) particle accelerator, from CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research), in Switzerland. The particle was first spoken of in 1964, when six physicists, including Scots Peter Higgs, presented a theoretical explanation of the mass’s property. The Standard Model is an instruction manual for how the cosmos works, which explains how the different particles and forces interact. But the theory has always left a gap – unlike other fundamental particles, Higgs has never been observed by experiments.